- (KMT, also Guomindang)Following the communist victory in China's civil war and the 1949 establishment of the People's Republic of China, about 2,000 Nationalist Chinese (Kuomintang) troops crossed over into Shan State from Yunnan Province and established bases from which Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jyeshi) could open a "second front" against the communists (the first front being on Taiwan). Aided by the U.S. government, the Kuomintang irregulars scored no victories against the People's Liberation Army in Yunnan, but their "secret war" against Beijing threatened Burma's sovereignty, especially when it became clear that the KMT was seeking alliances with local ethnic insurgents, such as the Karen National Union. During the mid-1950s, most units of the Tatmadaw were committed to fighting the Kuomintang intruders, and joint operations with the People's Liberation Army were carried out in 1961.Many KMT soldiers were forced to relocate to northern Thailand. To raise funds, the KMT became deeply involved in the opium trade and established mutually profitable working relationships with Shan State warlords, especially the Yang family, the rulers of Kokang.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kuomintang — Contexte général Champs d’action Parti politique nationaliste Zone d’influence Chine continentale (1912 1949), puis Taïwa … Wikipédia en Français
Kuomintang — 1912, Chinese nationalist party founded by Sun Yat Sen, led after 1925 by Chiang Kai Shek; from kuo nation, nationalist + min people + tang party … Etymology dictionary
Kuomintang — [kwō′min taŋ′; ] Chin [ gwō′min′däŋ′] n. [Mandarin kuo, nation(alist) + min, people( s) + tang, party] nationalist political party of Taiwan, organized chiefly by Sun Yat sen in 1911 and afterward controlled and led by Chiang Kai shek: see TAIWAN … English World dictionary
Kuomintang — KMT redirects here. For other uses, see KMT (disambiguation). Kuomintang of China 中國國民黨 … Wikipedia
Kuomintang — 中國國民黨 Kuomintang … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kuomintang — Partido Nacionalista Chino Kuomintang Kuomintang Presidente Ma Ying jeou … Wikipedia Español
Kuomintang — / Guomindang The first is the former spelling, the second the preferred current spelling for the Chinese Nationalist Party, founded by Sun Yat sen. The syllable tang/ dang contains the notion of party, so refer only to the Kuomintang, not… … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Kuomintang — El Kuomintang o KMT (chino tradicional: 中國國民黨, chino simplificado: 中国国民党, pinyin: Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng, Wade Giles: Chung kuo Kuo min tang, literalmente Partido Popular Nacional de China ) es un partido político nacionalista chino de Taiwán,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Kuomintang — /kwoh min tang , tahng /; Chin. /gwaw min dahng /, n. the dominant political party of China from 1928 to 1949, founded chiefly by Sun Yat sen in 1912 and led from 1925 to 1975 by Chiang Kai shek; the dominant party of the Republic of China… … Universalium
Kuomintang — Ku|o|min|tạng 〈f.; ; unz.〉 1912 von Sun Yatsen gegründete, demokrat. nationale Partei Chinas, 1931 Regierungspartei, 1948/49 von der Kommunist. Partei unterdrückt, seit 1949 Regierungspartei Nationalchinas auf Taiwan [chin., „Staatsvolkspartei“] … Universal-Lexikon